The Red Macaw is one of the Crown jewels of the wildlife in the Americas. Pre-Hispanic cultures thought of them as keepers of the trees. According to Mayan mythology, each god had its female counterpart, and they believed that when the Sun god descended onto the earth in the shape of a Macaw, the Moon goddess would turn into a female bird to accompany him. The Popol Vuh mentions Vacub Caquix, the Mayan god known as the “Seven Macaw”, who was punished because he considered himself to be more important than the Sun.
This beautiful bird could once be found throughout the high evergreen rainforest, as well as the semi-evergreen jungle. In the past, this species was commonly seen from the North of Mexico, down to Brazil; and in recent decades, it could be seen by riverbanks in the states of Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Tabasco, and Campeche. However, it is now extinct from these areas, and is only rarely found in the wild. Only two populations have been recorded - one in the limits between Oaxaca and Veracruz, and the other in the south of Chiapas.